Course Summary

Hyponatremia is the most common disorder of body fluid and electrolyte imbalance and can lead to a wide range of clinical symptoms that can become severe or even fatal. Many different conditions can lead to hyponatremia, imposing a high need for clinicians to be familiar with the possible causes, recognize the signs and symptoms, and be prepared to initiate immediate treatment according to the latest research and guidelines. The conditions that can lead to hyponatremia are discussed, as well as the current research and guidelines for prevention and treatment specific to athletes and exercise enthusiasts. Recommended precautions for individuals prescribed certain medications associated with drug-induced hyponatremia are included.

Course Format


Course Syllabus

  1. Introduction
  1. Acute And Chronic Hyponatremia: A Review
  1. Algorithm Guidelines
  2. Laboratory Testing and Serum Tonicity
  1. Sporting Events and Hyponatremia
  1. Treatment of Hyponatremia
  1. Severe Hyponatremia
  2. Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome
  3. Mild and Asymptomatic Hyponatremia
  4. Medication and Fluid Management
  1. The Risks of Over-correcting Hyponatremia
  1. Hyponatremia with Underlying Comorbidity
  2. Regulation of Water Intake
  3. Osmoregulation and Vasopressin
  1. Case Study: Exercise-induced Hyponatremia
  1. Summary


Noah H. Carpenter, MD

Dr. Noah Carpenter is a Thoracic and Peripheral Vascular Surgeon. He completed his Bachelor of Science in chemistry and medical school and training at the University of Manitoba. Dr. Carpenter completed surgical residency and fellowship at the University of Edmonton and Affiliated Hospitals in Edmonton, Alberta, and an additional Adult Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery fellowship at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. He has specialized in microsurgical techniques, vascular endoscopy, laser and laparoscopic surgery in Brandon, Manitoba and Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and in Colorado, Texas, and California. Dr. Carpenter has an Honorary Doctorate of Law from the University of Calgary, and was appointed a Citizen Ambassador to China, and has served as a member of the Indigenous Physicians Association of Canada, the Canadian College of Health Service Executives, the Science Institute of the Northwest Territories, Canada Science Council, and the International Society of Endovascular Surgeons, among others. He has been an inspiration to youth, motivating them to understand the importance of achieving higher education.

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