Course Summary

The prevalence rate of hypertension in the United States has increased significantly based on the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for blood pressure using the Eighth Joint National Committee on the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Primary hypertension is more common than secondary hypertension. While the cause of primary hypertension is not known, a correlation exists between primary hypertension and certain genetic, age-related, and lifestyle risk factors. Hypertensive emergencies and isolated diastolic and systolic hypertension, and their treatments are discussed.

Course Format


Course Syllabus

  • Introduction
  • Classifications of Hypertension
  • Hypertension: JNC 8 and ACC/AHA Definitions
  • Hypertension Etiology, Prevalence, and Comorbidities
    • Signs and Symptoms
    • Urgencies and Emergencies
  • Hypertension Risk Factors and Screening
    • Genetics
    • Age
    • Race
    • Tobacco Use
    • Alcohol Use
    • Physical Inactivity and Obesity
    • Sodium Intake and Other Dietary Factors
    • Screening
  • Hypertension Progression and Comorbidities
    • Risk of Cardiac Disease and Stroke
    • Other Conditions Caused by Hypertension
  • Isolated Systolic and Isolated Diastolic Hypertension
  • Treatment Recommendations
    • Blood Pressure Goals
    • Lifestyle Modifications
  • JNC-8 Recommendations for Hypertension Treatment
    • Recommendation 6
    • Recommendation 7
    • Recommendation 8
    • Recommendation 9
  • ACC/AHA Recommendations for Managing Hypertension
    • Mechanisms of Action and Adverse Effects
    • Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
    • Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
    • Calcium Channel Blockers
    • Thiazide Diuretics
    • Other Antihypertensive Medications
    • Alternative Treatments
  • Case Study: Complications of Hypertension
  • Summary


Noah H. Carpenter, MD

Dr. Noah Carpenter is a Thoracic and Peripheral Vascular Surgeon. He completed his Bachelor of Science in chemistry and medical school and training at the University of Manitoba. Dr. Carpenter completed surgical residency and fellowship at the University of Edmonton and Affiliated Hospitals in Edmonton, Alberta, and an additional Adult Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery fellowship at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland. He has specialized in microsurgical techniques, vascular endoscopy, laser and laparoscopic surgery in Brandon, Manitoba and Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and in Colorado, Texas, and California. Dr. Carpenter has an Honorary Doctorate of Law from the University of Calgary, and was appointed a Citizen Ambassador to China, and has served as a member of the Indigenous Physicians Association of Canada, the Canadian College of Health Service Executives, the Science Institute of the Northwest Territories, Canada Science Council, and the International Society of Endovascular Surgeons, among others. He has been an inspiration to youth, motivating them to understand the importance of achieving higher education.

Dana Bartlett, RN, BSN, MSN, MA, CSPI

Dana Bartlett is a professional nurse and author. His clinical experience includes 16 years of ICU and ER experience and over 27 years as a poison control center information specialist. Dana has published numerous CE and journal articles, written NCLEX material, textbook chapters, and more than 100 online CE articles, and done editing and reviewing for publishers such as Elsevier, Lippincott, and Thieme. He has written widely on the subject of toxicology and was a contributing editor, toxicology section, for Critical Care Nurse journal. He is currently employed at the Connecticut Poison Control Center. He lives in Wappingers Falls, NY.

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