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Head Trauma: Pathophysiology, Treatment, and Rehabilitation

Author: Noah H. Carpenter, MD

CE: 5 hours Pharmacology: 0.5 hour
Rated 4.7 out of 5.0 based on 33024 reviews

Course Summary

Head trauma can lead to physical and mental disability as well as significant morbidity and mortality. Understanding brain anatomy and physiology is fundamental to an accurate clinical assessment, diagnosis and prognosis of the brain injured patient. The challenge of ensuring patient recovery and quality of life following head trauma and of addressing the lifelong implications and family needs of brain injured patients must take into account current evidence-based recommendations for interdisciplinary health team approaches in their work to promote the health and wellbeing of patients with a head injury.

Course Format


Course Syllabus

I.       Introduction
II.      Epidemiology and Statistics of Brain Injuries
1.        Traumatic Brain Injury
III.     Head and Brain Anatomy and Physiology
1.        Scalp
2.        Skull
3.        Meninges
4.        Cranial Vault and Brain
5.        Right and Left Brain Hemispheres
6.        Nervous System
7.        Vascular System
8.        Cranial Nerves
9.        Hypothalamus
10.      Brainstem
11.      Brain Cells
12.      Cerebrospinal Fluid
13.      Ventricles
14.      Other Parts of the Brain
IV.     Types of Traumatic Brain Injury
1.        Open versus Closed Injuries
2.        Diffuse versus Focal Injuries
V.       Symptoms of Head Injury
1.        Mild Head Injury Symptoms
2.        Moderate to Severe Head Injury Symptoms
VI.     Neurological Deficits Due to Head Injury
1.        Amnesia
2.        Pupil Changes
3.        Stiff Neck and Headache
VII.     Physical Conditions and Altered Consciousness
1.        Nausea and Vomiting
2.        Change of Consciousness
VIII.    Altered States of Consciousness
1.        Coma, Vegetative State, Stupor
2.        Minimally Conscious State
3.        Locked-In Syndrome
4.        Brain Death
IX.     Glasgow Coma Scale
X.      Treatment for Brain-Injured Patients
1.        Intracranial Pressure Monitoring
2.        Pharmacological Treatment
3.        Surgery
4.        Timing of Therapy
XI.     Rehabilitation of the TBI Patient
1.        Acute and Post-acute Rehabilitation
2.        Subacute Rehabilitation
3.        Outpatient Treatment, Home Health and Independent Living
XII.      Prognosis for Recovery and Family Adjustment
XIII.     Impact on Family Members
XIV.     Case Study: Motorcycle Accident and Blunt Head Trauma
XV.      Case Study: Closed Head Trauma in an Infant
XVI.     Research Study: Keppra Prophylaxis
XVII.    Summary


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