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Crystalloids and Colloids Intravenous Therapy

Author: Noah H. Carpenter, MD

CE: 2.5 hours Pharmacology: 2.5 hours
Rated 4.7 out of 5.0 based on 7222 reviews

Course Summary

A majority of hospital patients receive some form of intravenous therapy during a hospital stay, and a significant number of those patients require fluid replacement in the form of volume expanders. There are two types of volume expanders, crystalloids and colloids, and each has advantages and disadvantages. While there continues some controversy in the research over which volume expander is the best choice during specific situations of resuscitation, general medical wisdom exists that allows health clinicians to understand the best use of each and to provide patients with the most effective treatment possible.

Course Format


Course Syllabus

I.              Introduction

II.           Volume Expanders

1.   Circulatory System

2.   Fluid Replacement

III.        Colloid Intravenous Solutions

1.   Characteristics of Colloids

2.     Hydroxyethyl Starch

3.   Gelofusine

IV.         Crystalloid Intravenous Solution

1.   Characteristics of Crystalloids

2.   Types of Crystalloids

3.   Cost of Therapy

V.            Sepsis and Selection of Intravenous Fluid

1.   Chronology of Research

VI.         Case Study

1.   Discussion

VII.       Summary


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