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Parenteral Nutrition: A Basic Overview

Author: Jassin M. Jouria, MD
(Click author's name for bio)

CE: 2 hours
Rated 4.7 out of 5.0 based on 1202 reviews

Course Summary

All individuals need food to sustain life, but sometimes nutrients cannot be absorbed through the stomach or bowel, or food digested due to illness or injury. When this occurs with patients, the standard method of eating is replaced by parenteral nutrition, which is a lifesaving measure that involves placing an intravenous catheter in a large vein and supplying proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals through the intravenous solution directly to the blood supply. Mechanical pumps are typically used to dispense the solution at specified intervals. If needed, parenteral nutrition can be a lifelong treatment.

Course Format


Course Syllabus

  1. Introduction
  2. Parenteral Versus Enteral Nutrition
    1. Candidates for Parenteral Nutrition
    2. IV Access
  3. Parenteral Nutrition Solutions
    1. Amino Acids
    2. Dextrose
    3. Electrolytes
    4. Fats
    5. Vitamins
    6. Trace Elements
  4. Monitoring Patients with Parenteral Therapy
    1. Complications
    2. Catheter Related Infection
    3. Blood Clots
    4. Liver Disease
    5. Metabolic Bone Disease
    6. Refeeding Syndrome
    7. Weaning from Parenteral Nutrition
    8. Quality of Life
  5. Summary


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