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Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation

Author: Dana Bartlett, BSN, MSN, MA, CSPI
(Click author's name for bio)

CE: 2.5 hours Pharmacology: 0.5 hour
Rated 4.7 out of 5.0 based on 4444 reviews

Course Summary

Nutrients needed by pregnant and lactating women are generally assessed during the intrapartum and breastfeeding periods to avoid nutritional deficits that may lead to either low weight or obesity. Women who are lactating should be followed up closely by their medical provider for possible deficiencies that may potentially affect the health of the mother and of the newborn. Guidance to maintain proper eating habits that include nutrient-rich food will help to ensure that nutrients lacking in the diet are replaced. By increasing dietary intake of nutrient-rich food and supplements during pregnancy and lactation, both mother and baby may avoid certain disease states and improve general health and wellbeing. The example of maternal vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy and lactation, and the health consequences in nursing infants is discussed.

Course Format


Course Syllabus

I.       Introduction
II.      Healthy Weight Gain During Pregnancy
1.   Excessive Weight Gain
2.   Inadequate Weight Gain
III.      Macronutrients and Micronutrients
1.   Calories
2.   Protein
3.   Carbohydrates
4.   Fats
5.   Micronutrients: Minerals
6.   Vitamins
 IV.     Other Nutritional Issues
1.   Caffeine
2.   Fish
3.   Vegetarian or Meatless Diet
4.   Dietary and Herbal Supplements
 V.      Nutrition and Lactation
1.   Calories
2.   Macronutrients in Breast Milk
3.   Micronutrients in Breast Milk
 VI.      Alcohol and Lactation
1.   Caffeine
2.   Food and Lactation
VII.      Pregnancy, Lactation and Medication
VIII.     Case Study 1: Vitamin D Deficiency During Pregnancy
 IX.      Case Study 2: Dilated Cardiomyopathy
  X.       Secondary to Maternal Cholestasis
 XI.       Summary


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