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Hyponatremia: Classification and Diagnosis

Author: Noah H. Carpenter, MD

CE: 2.5 hours
Rated 4.7 out of 5.0 based on 4390 reviews

Course Summary

Hyponatremia is the most common disorder of body fluid and electrolyte balance, which can lead to a wide range of clinical symptoms that can be severe or even fatal. Many different conditions can lead to hyponatremia, imposing on health clinicians a high need to recognize the signs and symptoms, and to administer immediate treatment according to the latest medical research and guidelines.

Course Format


Course Syllabus

I.       Introduction
II.       Definition and Etiology of Hyponatremia
1.        Classification of Hyponatremia
2.        Acute and Chronic Hyponatremia
III.       Body Fluid Compartments and Regulation of Sodium
IV.       Common Causes of Hyponatremia
1.        Contributing Factors
2.        Low Volume Hyponatremia
3.        High Volume Hyponatremia
V.      Symptoms of Hyponatremia
VI.      Diagnosis of Hyponatremia
1.        False Hyponatremia
2.        Diagnostic Criteria for SIADH
3.        Differentiating Causes of Hypotonic Hyponatremia
4.        Hypotonic and Non-hypotonic Hyponatremia
5.        Clinical Assessment of Fluid Status
6.        Other Laboratory Tests
7.        Diuretics and Diagnosis
VII.     Case Study: Euvolemic Hyponatremia
VIII.     Summary


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