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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) In The Child

Author: Elizabeth A. Boldon RN, MSN

CE: 2 hours
Rated 4.7 out of 5.0 based on 3806 reviews

Course Summary

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as a condition that develops when the reflux of stomach contents causes troublesome symptoms with or without mucosal damage and/or complications. GERD symptoms can include nausea, dysphagia, burning chest or abdominal pain, respiratory disorders and mild to severe damage to the esophageal lining and functioning. Patients that are not investigated for symptoms or not followed up through recommended diagnostic testing when damage to the esophagus has occurred are at risk of further injury and complications, including Barrett’s esophagus (a precancerous condition). Although GERD is more common in adults, up to 25 percent of children and teens have symptoms of GERD. The diagnosis, symptoms, complications and standard medical and surgical treatment of GERD in children are discussed.

Course Format


Course Syllabus

  1. I. Introduction
  2. II. What Is GERD?
    1. Symptoms of GERD in Children
      1. Infants
      2. Preschool
      3. Older Children and Adolescents
  3. Etiology Of GERD In Children
  4. Diagnosis Of GERD In Children
    1. Screening Questionnaires
    2. Empiric Treatment
    3. Barium Contrast Radiography
    4. Endoscopy and Histology
    5. Esophageal pH Monitoring or Impedance Monitoring
  5. Complications Of GERD In Children
    1. Esophagitis
    2. Esophageal Stricture
    3. Respiratory Problems
  6. Treatment Of GERD In Children
    1. Proton Pump Inhibitors
    2. Histamine 2 Receptor Antagonists
    3. Antacids
    4. Prokinetics
    5. Surface Agents
    6. Surgery
    7. Endoscopic Techniques
  7. Summary


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