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Diabetes Mellitus in the Adult

Author: Dana Bartlett, BSN, MSN, MA, CSPI
(Click author's name for bio)

CE: 2 hours Pharmacology: 0.5 hour
Rated 4.7 out of 5.0 based on 2810 reviews

Course Summary

Nurses as members of the health team need to understand the pathogenesis, complications and treatment of type 1 and 2 diabetes to better identify risks early on and to support prevention and treatment. The purpose of the course is to provide nurses and health associates knowledge about the cause, complications and treatment of type 1 and 2 diabetes in the adult.

Course Format


Course Syllabus

  1. Introduction
  2. Insulin, Glucose And Hyperglycemia
  3. Pathogenesis of Type I Diabetes
  4. Pathogenesis of Type II Diabetes
    1. Genetic factors
    2. Environmental factors
  5. Signs, Symptoms And The Diagnosis Of Diabetes
  6. Chronic Complications Of Diabetes
    1. Cardiovascular complications
    2. Diabetic retinopathy
    3. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy
    4. Diabetic nephropathy
    5. Impaired wound healing
  7. Acute Complications Of Diabetes Mellitus
    1. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  8. Hypoglycemia
  9. Prevention Of Diabetes And Screening
  10. Treatment Of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
    1. Insulin therapy
    2. Lifestyle changes
  11. Monitoring For Complications
    1. Blood pressure
    2. Fasting lipid profile
    3. Kidney disease
    4. Diabetic retinopathy
    5. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy
    6. Impaired wound healing
    7. Assessment of co-morbid conditions
  12. Medications For The Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes
    1. ?-glucosidase inhibitors
    2. Biguanides
    3. Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitors (DPP-4)
    4. Exenatide
    5. Meglitinide derivatives
    6. Pramlintide
    7. Thiazolidinediones
    8. Sulfonylureas
    9. Insulin
  13. Treatment Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis
    1. Fluid replacement
    2. Correcting electrolyte imbalances
    3. Insulin therapy
    4. Assess the need for bicarbonate
  14. Treatment Of Hypoglycemia
  15. Diabetic Foot Care
  16. Summary


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